These are the languages of Middle Earth, as described in Tolkien’s The Simarillion, The Hobbit, The Lord of the Rings Trilogy and other stories.
- Primitive Quenian – The Proto-Elvish Language. All other Elvish Languages evolved from this one.
- Common Eldarin – The language of the Elves who first came to Middle Earth.
- Quenya- The language of a tribe of elves known as the Vanyar and a secondary language of the Noldor.
- Telerin- The language of the Teleri elves. Very similar grammatically to Quenya.
- Ilkorin – The language of the elves of Beleriand. Descended from Telerin.
- Sindarin – Primary language of the Noldor.
- Avari – A group of six languages spoken by cave and forest-dwelling elves.
- Nandorin – An extinct language, once spoken by the elves of Mirkwood and Lothllorien.
- Westron (Common Speech) -. The closest thing to a linga franca on Middle Earth. Spoken by a majority of humans and hobbits.
- Dalish – Spoken in the city of Dale.
- Rohirric – The language of Rohan.
- Rhovanian – The language of the Wilderland region of Middle Earth.
- Dlendish – Spoken by the Dunlendings, forest dwellers of Eriador.
- Drûg – The language of the Drúedain, a Neanderthal-like people who lived in the woods of Beleriand.
- Haradrim – Spoken in the lands south of Gondor and Mordor.
- Easterling – Spoken in the lands east of the Sea of Rhûn.
- Taliska – An extinct language, once spoken by the descendants of Beor and Hador.
- Adûnaic – An extinct language once spoken on the island of Númeor. The ancestor of Westron and Rohirric.
- Khuzdul – The secret language of the Dwarves. Never spoken in the presence of outsiders.
- Old Entish – The long, plodding language of the Ents, mostly incomprehensible to outsiders.
- New Entish – Quenya vocabulary applied to the grammatical structure of Old Entish.
- Valarin – Language of the god-like Vala.
- Black Speech – Artificial language created by Sauron to be the language of his servants in Mordor.
- Orcish dialects – A combination of Black Speech, Westron and bits and pieces of languages from conquered people. The dialect of one Orcish tribe is often times unintelligible to another.